Religion and Politics


Religion has always played a central role in political life, but it has also been a negative force. The Protestant Reformation, for example, caused a series of wars of religion. Today, it is seen as a source of social instability and repression. It is often characterized as an irrational force that cannot be critically analyzed or tested.

Religion is a single founder, creed, theology, or institution

A religion is a specific type of belief system characterized by a common founder, creed, or theology. The major world religions are Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Hinduism. They are all monotheistic, based on the teachings of Abraham, who is regarded as God’s revelation to humankind. In contrast, Eastern Christianity is based on the belief in Jesus as the central figure of the Christian faith. Several of these religious movements adhere to restorationist principles, attempting to restore Christianity to its original form. Two of these movements are the Latter-day Saint movement founded by Joseph Smith in the 1820s and Jehovah’s Witnesses founded by Charles Taze Russell in the 1870s.

It is a religion of worship

There are many forms of worship, and they vary greatly from culture to culture. Religion is a dimension of man’s existence that varies in relation to concrete circumstances such as time and place, cultural background, basic types of economies, and family and political systems. In a traditional religion, the god is the focus of worship. The rituals and ritual activities are rhythmic, and they mark important moments of the day and the week. They are also meant to commemorate the god’s salvific presence.

It has a strong impact on politics

Religion has a strong impact on politics in many countries. For example, in Iran, the highest court draws from the Shia branch of Islam and has veto power over parliament. Buddhist monks have begun a movement to impose Buddhist principles throughout the country. Some religions are tolerant and secular, while others are radical and hostile to Western values.

It has a smaller influence on politics in countries like China or Japan

In countries like China or Japan, religion has a smaller influence on politics than in the United States. The Communist Party-State allows five major religions to operate legally, but requires that these faiths join “patriotic” associations. Buddhism, Daoism, Islam, and Catholicism are allowed to exist legally, although they do not have official recognition. Buddhism is a popular religion in China, with nearly 20 percent of the adult population self-identifying as Buddhist. However, there are relatively few Buddhist organizations in China.

It has a political role

Religious beliefs have long played a role in politics, and they can also be a source of social instability. After the Protestant Reformation, for example, there were many wars of religion across Europe. While religion is a powerful political force, it is also often viewed as unfounded, unreliable, and incapable of fostering social harmony.

It has a political role in a liberal education

Liberal education is often characterized by its commitment to free inquiry. It rejects any attempt to understand a subject in an instrumental way, and emphasizes freedom over utility. Liberal education also demands an understanding of human nature, which is primarily motivated by freedom, the search for truth, and the ability to survive.