History of the Casino


A casino is a place where people can gamble on games of chance. Craps, roulette, baccarat and other games of chance generate billions in profits for casinos every year. While musical shows, lighted fountains, shopping centers and lavish hotels help attract visitors, the bulk of the money generated by casinos is from gambling.

The origin of the word “casino” is not clear, but it is known that gambling in some form has been part of almost all cultures throughout history. Some societies, such as Ancient Mesopotamia and Rome, prohibited gambling. Others embraced it, establishing a wide range of games for wagering. In modern times, the casino has taken on many forms. The modern casino is a complex establishment that includes a hotel, restaurants, bars and gambling rooms. Some casinos also offer stage shows and other entertainment. The casino industry has developed into a huge business that employs thousands of people worldwide.

Most casino games have a built in advantage for the house, even those with an element of skill. While the edge is usually very small, it adds up over time. In addition to this built in advantage, the casino makes money through a commission on certain games called the rake.

While some games, such as blackjack and video poker have skill elements, the majority of casino games are purely chance. Nonetheless, the casino can make millions in profit over the long run by offering large bettors extravagant inducements. In addition to free spectacular entertainment and transportation, these may include reduced-fare hotel rooms, expensive meals, drinks and cigarettes while playing, and even free living quarters in the case of some top bettors.

In the past, organized crime groups often provided the funds for a casino’s operation. They were often willing to take on the taint of a “vice” business because they had the cash from their drug dealing and extortion operations. They would often become involved in the management of a casino, taking sole or partial ownership and using their influence to manipulate the results of games.

Although some modern casinos have moved away from this type of influence, the taint of mob involvement still exists in the gambling business. While mob figures do not have the financial means to finance major resorts, they can provide substantial funding to local casinos. This has helped some localities avoid the pitfalls of attracting larger casinos that are not as profitable.

Most modern casinos have a highly trained and specialized security force. This team is usually divided into two departments: a physical security force and a specialized surveillance department. The physical security force patrols the casino and responds to calls for assistance and reports of suspicious or definite criminal activity. The specialized surveillance department operates the casino’s closed circuit television system, sometimes called the eye in the sky. The specialized surveillance department works very closely with the physical security forces to prevent criminal activities, especially those involving gamblers or their property. They are very effective in keeping the crime rate at a minimum.